The Equal Pay Act of 1963
The Equal Pay Act prohibits and employer from discriminating against employees on the basis of sex by compensating employees of one sex less than employees of the opposite sex for equal work on jobs that require equal skill, effort, responsibility, and which are performed under similar working conditions.
Exceptions to the Equal Pay Act include where compensation is made pursuant to:
- A seniority system
- A merit system
- A system which measures earnings by quantity or quality of production
- A any factor other than sex